Shri P. K. Thyagarajan is a devotee of Narayana Guru. He is a retired Government employee and presently dwelling at Raipur (Chhattisgarh). He hails from Malayalapuzha, Pathanamthitta, Kerala, having basic education from CMS High School, Kumplampoika, while higher education from Pt. Ravi Shankar Shukla University, Raipur (Chhattisgarh).
Shri Thyagarajan is a habitual reader, particularly Gurudev's compositions and Biographies. He tried his best to pen-down his feelings on Guru's great composition 'Daivadasakam'.
Yes, indeed, we are very much fortunate and greatly blessed due to the invaluable generosity of Revered Sri Narayana Guru, who benevolently kind enough to provide us the inimitable composition 'Daivadasakam'. And, as such, we are the proud inheritors of the invaluable Poem.
In order to fulfill the innocent request of a group of very young 'Archakas' of 'Vidya Devi of Sharada Temple' at Sivagiri, 'Swami Thippadangal' composed the devotional poem 'Daivadasakam', during 1914. By now, it has been translated into more than 100 languages/dialects and become a universally accepted, substantially spiritual literary treasure.
Daiva + Dasakam = 'Daivadasakam'; Daiva = Dyove; Dyove = Aakasham (Sky); so, Daivam = the power that is filled in the Sky and its surroundings; Dasakam = Ten. So, 'Daivadasakam' means 'Ten stanzas about the Power, Quality, and Manifestation of Daivam'.
Uniqueness of 'Daivadasakam' is that it is not meant for any particular religion or sect. The content of the poem is the 'Praise of the all Powerful God with a fervent beseech for His Blessings to have a peaceful, contended and virtuous life in this world'. The God (Daivam), to whom the poem is being addressed, can be 'Lord Krishna, Jesus Christ, Merciful Allah or any God', according to the religion or believe of an individual. Considering its spiritual impetus as well as the philosophical ingredients, the religious literary intelligentsia has classified 'Daivadasakam' as "Daivopanishad".
By "Atmopadeshashatakam" Sree Narayana Guru conveyed the 'Secrets of Nature and invincible manifestation of God' to the elderly intelligentsia, while through 'Daivadasakam', Guru profoundly blessed the youngsters about the 'Power, Quality and Manifestation of Daivam', the Great God.
So, let us try to understand what preciously Swamy Trippadangal wished to teach, preach, advice or convey through the marvellous 10 stanzas of 'Daivadasakam'.
Daivame! Kathukolkangu Kaiveedathingu Jangale,
Navikan Nee Bhavabdikoravivan Thoni Nin Padam
Daivame! Indeed, it was the Greatness of Swamy Trippadangal to begin the composition with the deeply compassionate, exceedingly respectful and blissfully divine word 'Daivam', the supreme authority of this Universe, in His immensely marvellous, universally acclaimed poem 'Daivadasakam'. On hearing such a pious word 'Daivam', our conscious instantly filled with respect, regard, love and affection to the Almighty God and simultaneously, our hands will fold in respect, while eyes will transform to a half closed posture due to a sudden intuition towards Daivam, a manifestation that so far we have not seen, but experienced.
Meaning On conclusion of seeing and counting of the properties of this Universe, specifically one by one, at last my eyes will stare to a point. Similarly, my conscious must join with You, and stay static.
In this second stanza of 'Daivadasakam', Swamy Trippadangal praising the benevolent mercy of 'Daivam', who very liberally bestowed on us in abundance with "Sun, Moon, Stars, Pancha Bhoothangal (Air, Sky, Earth, Fire and Water), living entities like human, animal beings, grass, trees, movable, immovable and other innumerable properties".
Meaning Oh God! You are protecting us by providing Food, Clothes and other essential amenities. We enjoy the innumerable facilities and unlimited comforts that You have liberally made available in abundance in this world for us, so You are our Great Protector.
Through these lines, Swamy Trippadangal explains about the profound kindness Almighty of God bestowed on Human-beings by way of various facilities and numerous benefits, for their well-being.
Azhium Thirayum Kattum Azhavum Pole Jangalum
Mayayaum Nin Mahimaym, Niyum Ennullilakanam
Meaning Oh God! may kind enough to descend and be within us along with Your spiritual powers of 'Maya' (Illusion) and 'Mahima' (Greatness), as of Ocean, its Deepness, Water, Waves and Wind are intermingled to each other.
In this stanza, Swamy Trippadangal, made a fervent appeal: "Oh God! Yourself may kind enough to descend in my sub-conscious (Antaratma) along with your spiritual Manifestations 'Maya' (Illusion) and 'Mahima' (Greatness)".
Meaning Oh God! Yourself is the nucleus of all Creations; You are the Creator of Universe and all its entities. The ingredients that used for Creations are also Yourself.
Swamy Trippadangal, in this stanza, explained about the Power and Quality of Daivam, the Supreme Head of this Universe. (1) Daivam is the 'nucleus' for all creations, (2) Daivam is the 'Creator' of the Universe and all its entities, and (3) The ingredients that used for each creation also 'Daivam'. With our limited knowledge, let us humbly try to summarise Mahaguru's explanations as 'Everything in this Universe are celestial manifestations of Almighty God'.
Meaning Oh God! You are the 'Illusion' (Maya), the 'Magician' who plays the concept of Illusion and take pleasure of it. Ultimately, You are the authority who eliminates the Illusion and Provider of Salvation.
In this stanza Swamy Trippadangal describing about 'Maya' (Illusion), 'Mayavi' (Magician); 'Mayavinodan' (Who enjoys the effects and activities of Maya) and 'Sayoojyam' (Salvation).
Meaning Oh God! The spiritual Manifestations such as Truth i.e. the Reality; the Knowledge i.e. intelligence; the Contentment i.e. fulfilment; the 'Trikalam' (Three stages of time) i.e. Present, Past and Future and ultimately, the Sound that echo in the Universe are all Your fathomless, ever compassionate blessings only. This is our humble belief.
Swamy Trippadangal, through the above lines, elaborating the 'Vaibhavum' (quality) and articulating the 'Swaroopum' (Manifestation) of 'Daivum' (Paramatman), the Supreme God.
Meaning Oh God, we fervently pray for your absolute Victory because You are the God of all semi-Gods i.e. 'Mahadevan'. You are always considerate and helpful towards the miserable, downtrodden and heavy laden (Deenavana Parayanan). You are the benevolent Godhead who gives us Eternal Bliss (Chidanandan) and indeed, You are prudently Merciful (Daya Sindho) to all. Therefore, we always beseech for your Victory.
Swami Trippadangal addressed Mahadevan i.e. God of every semi-Gods such as Brahma, Vishnu, Maheshwar, Lakshmi, Saraswati, Parvati etc., with four different religiously revered, devotionally meaningful names i.e. 'Deenavana Parayanan', 'Chidaanandan' and 'Daya Sindho', which signify the qualities, the majesties and manifestations of 'Mahadevan'.
Meaning The Universe is like a fathomless ocean. We the inhabitants of this Universe, passionately plead for a continuous, contented and progressive life, till we are here.
By this stanza Swamy Trippadangal concluding the verses of His inimitable poem 'Daivadasakam' with a passionate appeal to the Almighty God for His benevolent blessing to all living entities at this Universe. And, we the dependents of God, hopefully expect that He will be kind enough to accede to this sincere request.